May Guest: Robin Petravic & Catherine Bailey of Heath Ceramics AT Offline: The NY Design Meetup Attendance: 100+ In the busiest week on the design calendar in NYC, we "Metup" with Robin Petravic and Catherine Bailey — the couple behind the revitalization of Sausalito-based Heath Ceramics. Jump below for the transcript and all the images integrated from the Heath Ceramics presentation… MAXWELL: This is a big week in the design world, as it is book-ended by two big events here in New York — BKLYN Designs, which is in its 9th year, took place last weekend in DUMBO, and this weekend we have the 22nd annual International Contemporary Furniture Fair (ICFF) at the Javits Center. To add to this, we are very excited at Apartment Therapy to have released our 3rd book this week, Big Book of Small, Cool Spaces! As our website continues to grow (4.5 million monthly readers, up 100% from one year ago), we welcome our monthly Meetup as a great way to connect with our online readers offline.
HEATH CERAMICSMAXWELL: This month we welcome Robin Petravic and Catherine Bailey, the husband and wife team behind Heath Ceramics. It’s been seven years since they took over the company from the original Founder, Edith Heath (1911-2005), who, after meeting Robin and Cathy in 2003, was wise enough to know that she had finally found the right people to entrust with her legacy. Just a little bit about Edith Heath’s background — she grew up in Iowa and moved to Chicago for college, where she did very well in her art classes and eventually enrolled at the Chicago Art Institute becoming both a student and teacher. It was in Chicago that she was invited to work at a Federal Art Project (FAP) training school, which led to Heath's acquaintance with the ideas of leading artists, including Bauhaus designer László Moholy-Nagy, who had recently arrived from Europe. Those modernist artists and architects who came to the States from Europe - driven out by the war - brought with them a very powerful and sophisticated influence that was to resonate throughout American art and design in the later half of the century. Edith's art work at the time reflected this Modernist influence. She got married in Chicago but moved with her husband to San Francisco shortly after. They decided to drive across country when they moved, and found themselves in New Mexico during the trip. This is where Edith first saw Native American pottery, another big influence that would find itself into her work. There were few potters wheels in San Francisco, so Edith asked her husband to build her one. She made her pottery, started teaching, and, in 1944, found herself in a one-woman show at San Francisco’s Palace of the Legion of Honor. A buyer from Gump’s saw her work and eventually bought every one of her pieces. And thus, Heath Ceramics was born. Robin and Cathy got to know Edith in 2003, and, at some point during their meeting, Edith started talking about selling them her company. MAXWELL: So, let's get a little more of the back story. First, welcome Robin and Cathy. It sounds as if the whole purchase and transfer of the company was so seamless, but tell us more about how you met Edith and how this all took place? CATHY: We met Edith in 2003, and at the time she already had dementia (she was 93 at the time). Earlier in her life, she just couldn’t part with the business, but given her health, she knew it was time, and we were lucky enough to meet her at that time. She really wanted to find someone who followed her philosophy, and held out to find that person. This was her life’s work — she never had children, so her business was really her baby. She couldn’t imagine others doing it. ROBIN: Many others had approached Edith and she always said no. She strung a few people along for quite a while. She sensed people's motives, and if they weren't right she pulled the deal. We developed a strong bond with her as well as her trustee, who watched after Edith as her health failed. So that relationship helped her feel comfortable with making her decision. MAXWELL: So you both have design backgrounds, is that right? ROBIN: Yes, we both came from design, working as consultants and product designers. Cathy had her own company for eight years by the time we approached Edith in 2003. I had worked at Nike before as well, so we both had strong backgrounds for this type of creative business venture. MAXWELL: So you’re living in San Francisco with a successful consultancy. Why Heath? Why were you looking for a challenge and a change to your current situation? ROBIN: These types of changes are not always planned. CATHY: Exactly. It was the perfect moment for us. We were totally open and ready for something like this. We were familiar with the building, which is in Sausalito (Marin County) and is truly amazing. In 2003 it was still covered in old mosaics — quirky and fascinating. There was a store on the premises so we visited, and we could tell immediately upon entering that there was a story there. MAXWELL: I heard that for most of Heath's career they lived above it? And that the roof of the building had a bar? CATHY: Actually, when we bought it, there was an employee living upstairs. I’m not sure Edith and her husband ever lived on premises. The building was built in 1959, and at that time the Heaths lived in Tiburon, not far from the store. They actually lived in a barge on the water at first — they lived there for a while, and eventually beached the barge in Tiburon and lived there. At the time you were allowed to do stuff like that! People thought we were crazy to purchase the company. It was a lot of money, and manufacturing is all done in the US. ROBIN: It was actually a good lesson in decision-making, as we didn't think too much about it, we just did it. We now have a store in the Ferry Building, and it's funny because old customers don’t recognize the store at all, but they see our pottery and goods and know that it's Heath. MAXWELL: I think of Heath as having a bright, polished image, probably in part because of my familiarity with your website. What was the image in the 40's when Edith started the company? What was in its heyday at the time and what was her contribution? CATHY: Well, she was in MoMA in the 50's with her Coupe line, so she was definitely in the right place at the right time. The line was created in 1948 and has been in constant production ever since. It reflects the Modernist aesthetic of clean, simple lines, and represents her influences of Modernism and Native American pottery all in one. It was, and continues to be, timely and "accessible" to all people, once again following the principles of her major influencers. There was a new line in the 60's, which was great. In the 70's, Edith got a new restaurant contract which spawned more lines. Then she introduced tiles in the late 60's / early 70's. Another big item which people aren't familiar with is the Rose Bowl Parade backdrop, which is all Heath tile. MAXWELL: So she started by making timely pieces and continued to push and define trends throughout each decade. Was the business considered a family affair? CATHY: It's an interesting business story, actually. Edith hated marketing — she expected that people would see and feel her work and buy it and that would be that. ROBIN: There are stores all over the country that carry Heath. CATHY: Yes, department stores were a very strong outlet — Marshall Fields, for example. And then the company started doing restaurant work, so that opened up the commercial market. MAXWELL: Was there a time when Heath wasn’t popular? CATHY: Well, in 2003 some of the items looked as if they had been there (in the store) for a while. ROBIN: There was not a lot going on that year. The production team just kept glazing saucers because they didn't have a lot of other things to do. MAXWELL: So what did you do to bring it back? CATHY: First, we felt the story of Heath had to be told. There was some bad design mixed in with Edith's work (she had other lines in her store as well) so we felt we should get rid of that. ROBIN: Edith was very talented. Her husband passed away in 2001, but they both built a great company. It just needed some reviving — as they got older, they just needed help in keeping things up to the same standards, so that was a lot of what we focused on in the beginning. MAXWELL: So tell us about the design itself. You brought in some new designs and kept some others. How did that process work? CATHY: Edith designed the Coupe line in 1948, which, as I mentioned before, has been in constant production and continues to be one of our best sellers. It didn't need to be redesigned, but we did create some new glazes in order to keep it fresh. After that, we looked at other classic pieces, chose what worked, and also made a ton of new glazes to make these classic pieces fresh again. ROBIN: We whittled down lines that weren’t selling well anymore and simply took them out of production. MAXWELL: Let’s take a look at your slides to see some of the lines and more about what you’ve been telling us about.
The Sausalito factory in 1959.
The Sausalito factory in 2006.
Staff photo from 2003 — 24 staff members, 22 of which were production. NOW — 45 staff members in production alone. Everyone from 2003 (Edith's time) are still there. NOW — 3 stores, 85 total staff members. We went from 24 — 85 people in seven years.
LA Store — 2008. Our first retail store.
Store interior, Ferry Building (San Francisco). This location just opened last month. It has the same aesthetic as the LA store, thanks to our work with Commune Design (LA) who designed both stores.
LA Store — interior.
Another LA Store interior, showing a lot of the tile work in the store.
Studio in LA store. The studio is run by Adam Silverman (now Heath co-partner as well), a friend who works inside the store. We feel very strongly about having our production methods seen by our clients. A lot of manufacturers don't understand the importance of having a public presence — having a public space provides a good face to the public. We are US made, and want our work and processes to be displayed.
Edith Heath in the 1950's. These are hand-thrown pieces that were designed by her. We still design by drawing and throwing, and then going to CAD to work out details.
Pieces (pre-production) in the early 40's that got Edith into the Legion of Honor show.
Buttons Edith made from clay. She was very interested in materials and the chemistry of glazes, and liked to experiment with both.
Marketing materials developed by Heath's distributor. As mentioned earlier, Edith didn't enjoy marketing and did not mind leaving those efforts to her distributors.
Coupe Line. Still in production and still our most popular.
Production Facility — 1947 (not where they are now).
Creation of pottery. First, we make the mold, which we then put on the wheel and use to shape the clay so each piece comes out uniform with the others. This provides us with a stronger product line. We put a plastic mold on the bottom and a wet mold on top, which slowly presses down on the clay and gives it its shape.
Inside the original Sausalito building.
Outside of Heath Ceramics today. We found the original architectural drawings of the letters on the outside of the building and made new ones (original building had five small signs).
Production today. Hand-glazing a bowl. Our lead glazer has worked at the company for 37 years. He has retired every year for the past 4 years. He just keeps getting bored and comes back!
Pouring glazes on tile. We worked with the New York designer Amy Lau to come up with this design. This idea is something that you don’t usually see, but being a small company, we are nimble enough to try small runs of new ideas.
Development of new colors. We take the base glaze and add one material. We have a ceramic engineer with 35 years experience who helps with this. He says only 80% of the result can be calculated — it’s the 20% "unknown" which helps make for a unique piece.
MAXWELL: How often do you launch new product and colors? CATHY: We tried a new line when we first purchased the company and hoped it would last ten years. We are now doing seasonal colors (launching every six months) which allows for a new story to be told twice a year.
Woman at work.
Examples of line.
Coupe line. Simple and perfect.
New shapes, glazes. This is a translucent glaze over slip glaze (made last year). It is now at the Cooper-Hewitt Triennial.
Dinner line for Chez Panisse. Fifty percent of sales of this line go to the Chez Panisse Foundation.
Examples of new lines. These are some espresso cups that were designed for the new coffee store in SFMoMA. We find that it’s always more inspiring to design for someone else, with a specific project in mind.
More Summerware. Note that the cutting board is by another designer, based in Wisconsin. We often sell goods from other designers when they compliment our line and we believe in the work they are doing.
New shapes, etc.
More new shapes. One designer is behind most of this, but there is always collaboration as well.
Adam Silverman show flyer for the LA showroom.
Adam's work. It’s not designed for Heath, but we find it quite beautiful. It's all hand-thrown and one-of-a-kind. He does custom work for clients as well.
Example of tile installation. This is at UPenn and was designed by Todd Williamson.
Tile installation in Country Club.
Tile installation in whirlpool area of Club. Shows the great range of our colors and glazes.
New tiles showcasing our new overlapping glaze concept. Multicolor on each tile.
Q: Are these made in a specific pattern? CATHY: No, and in fact, random install works wonderfully with these.
Random install once again.
Maritime Hotel (NYC) installation.
Examples of more green tiles.
Installation in San Francisco.
New 3D tile. Undulating, yet subtle design. These are matte, but glossy is also available.
New line — to come. This was developed with Dwell. The simple geometric shapes allow for varied patterns.