Hey ladies, you know how your cave husband comes home with his meat and then just sits around the fire without helping you pile last night's bones into the corner even though you've been out gathering berries all day? We feel you. A new study by the Spanish National Research Council proves exactly that: it wasn't only Homo sapiens who developed traditional gender roles; based on their fossilized teeth, Neanderthal communities also divided tasks according to sex.
Because these ancient species were known to use their mouths as a tool — similar to the hands — their fossilized teeth can paint a pretty clear picture of what tasks each individual was performing. The fossils of Neanderthal women contained deep grooves on their lower incisors and canine teeth which the team suspects were caused by making clothing while the men's teeth featured nicks and damage on the upper teeth, indicating they were more focused on repairing stone tools.
Researcher Antonio Rosas said this:
So far, we thought that the sexual division of labor was typical of sapiens societies, but apparently that's not true.
Remember that 30,000 years ago, Homo sapiens and Neanderthals were actually different but similar species of early humans. So no matter when or where a woman was born on this earth, she's probably doing more housework.