If you had to leave home—right now—because of an emergency, what would you grab? Once people and pets were out of harm's way, what else would you want and need to gather and take with you? If your mind bounced around from the file cabinet to the vintage photo album, you might want to consider consolidating your emergency prep. Grab everything—literally, all of it that will fit—and place it into a "bug out" backpack.
Here are some tips on what you need to pack and what you may want to bring. When an emergency strikes, all you'll need to do is grab the backpack and go.
Emergency Events Can Happen to You
You watch the stories on the news or read them on your news feed. But because the events are happening to those people way over there, it's common to think you're immune, when you're really not. Last year in the US, in what was statistically a quiet year for natural disasters, there were over 62,000 wildfires, over 1,000 tornadoes and 943 earthquakes measuring 3.0 or higher on the Richter scale. And these weren't the largest sources of weather-related disasters in 2016. Flooding and winds, mostly from hurricanes, including Hurricane Matthew, topped the list.
Now, add in those things that can happen closer to home. Explosions from gas leaks, flooding caused by broken water mains and home fires are just some of the events that can happen without warning.
And it's natural to panic in these situations. Your natural fight-or-flight response can confuse you when you're under pressure. Even wasting a couple minutes of precious time can lead to either a tragic or happy outcome for you and yours.
Pack the Things You Need
Don't wait until you smell smoke or you hear the Emergency Alert System blaring from your TV. Gather the things you'll need and have them packed and ready.
The first thing you'll need to do is choose the right backpack. You'll want something that's waterproof and has a lot of pockets, like what lifeguards use. Here's a list of things you'll need to pack to make life a lot easier for you and yours:
- Cash. Keep a small range of denominations—whatever you can spare—in case you need to make a purchase somewhere that doesn't use credit cards or can't make change. A roll of quarters might be helpful, too.
- Bottled water and snacks. Emergency responders generally first spend time taking care of the disaster and any related injuries. There may be a lapse in time before your food and drink needs can be taken care of. Pack your own to get you through until meals are available.
- First aid kit. If you get an injury that doesn't need immediate attention, you can still treat it to keep away infection. And if medical attention isn't readily available, your kit could be a life saver.
- Spare house and car keys. It's always good to have spares in case you don't have time to retrieve your keys from where you usually keep them.
- A designated emergency cell phone. Have an extra emergency phone with the numbers of important people and places programmed into it. Remember some cell phones don't need a service plan to call 911—just make sure occasionally that it's charged.
- Copies of your important papers. These will include identification papers like birth certificates, Social Security cards and passports. You should also include marriage certificates and work badges or identification. Also: copies of identification or summaries of your insurance coverage including health, car, home and life. A copy of the signature page of your deed and rental agreement is good too, plus info on your bank and investment accounts, safety deposit boxes and any other financial holdings.
Don't Forget the Irreplaceable Things
Now, here's a list of things you may want to pack that have sentimental value and cannot be replaced.
- Family photos and videos. Whether you have actual photographs and DVDs or you keep everything on a flash drive, you'll want to pack these. As a matter of fact, you may want to digitize any actual hard copies you have and keep the flash drive in your emergency pack just in case.
- Family heirlooms. Your baby's first shoes, your grandmother's wedding ring, your great-grandfather's pocket watch — these are things that mean a lot and can't be replaced. Just be sure to wrap them so they're protected and place them in a compartment where the rest of the backpack's contents can't harm them.
- Things that make you feel at home. If you have to leave your home in an emergency, you may have no idea how long it will take you to get back there. Include things that make you feel at home, if there's room for them. Maybe something as simple as a little paperweight you're fond of, or a banner from your favorite team. If you have little ones, include multiples of their favorite toys.
Of course, you'll only want to pack things that can fit inside and are lightweight. Once you've packed everything you want, try wearing the backpack to see if it's comfortable or if you have to remove or edit some things. Then, leave the backpack where you can get it quickly. Under your side of the bed is a great spot. Whatever you're able to do, having an emergency backpack ready will go a long way in helping you confidently handle any type of crisis.