DIY Covered Greenhouse Garden: A Removable Cover Solution to Protect Your Plants

Apartment Therapy Tutorials

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Planting season is upon us, so let me tell you a little story of how this garden came to be. When we bought a house last year, I failed to inquire about the summer weather, thinking it would be just as warm and clear as it was on our open house day. NOPE. Instead, I encountered summers full of chilly fog and harsh winds, much to the dismay of my aspiring green thumb. Determined to keep home-grown veggies on our plates, I put my thinky-brain to work and thus, this covered greenhouse garden was born.

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Materials

  • 2x6s in redwood (or 2x12s, which are significantly more expensive) cut to desired lengths
  • 2x2s for cover frame (cut to match your 2x6 lengths)
  • 2x4s for corner bracing
  • Wood screws (coated for weather resistance)
  • 10' 1/2" PVC pipe
  • Pipe clamps
  • Large weave wire mesh
  • Chicken wire or other small weave mesh
  • Zip Ties (for securing mesh to PVC)
  • Plastic sheeting or garden cloth (at least 12' wide and twice the length of your garden)
  • Staple gun + staples
  • 2 Hinges
  • 2 Eye hooks
  • 6 ft chain cut into 3 ft lengths
Tools
  • Miter Saw
  • Drill
  • Staple gun
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Step 1: Assemble a raised garden frame with 2x12s (or stacked 2x6s to keep costs down) and staple a small-weave mesh to the underside to protect from burrowing pests. I totally unnecessarily used pocket holes for the joints, but a simple butt joint is fine. My garden is 4' x 8', and I don't recommend going wider than 4', otherwise your arches will be too low.

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Step 2: Create the frame for your cover using 2x2s, with 2x4s for corner bracing. The frame should be the same length and width as your raised garden frame.

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Step 3: Bend 10-ft PVC pipes to create the arches and attach them to the cover frame with pipe clamps. Tip: drive a screw directly through the pipe into the frame to keep it from slipping out of the clamp.

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Step 4: Tie a large-weave wire mesh to the PVC arches using zip-ties, wire, or electrical tape. This adds a nice layer of structural support. Alternatively you could forego the wire mesh and use 2x2s for bracing.

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Step 5: Staple plastic or a medium or heavy weight garden fabric over the frame. I initially used plastic, but after finding that temperatures got too high, I switched to fabric. I used “Garden Quilt” from Gardener’s Supply online in the 12' x 20' size.

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Step 6: Determine which side your cover will hinge from (Tip: make sure you will be able to access your plants easily when the cover is open). Attach two hinges between the cover and the base on this side, and about 3 ft of chain to each side, perpendicular to the hinged side.

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Step 7: Fill the bed with your favorite soil mix and plant those plants! Bonus points for adding in a soaker hose or drip system hooked up to an automatic timer.

So how did my garden do over the chilly summer? See for yourself!

My garden in September
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I've had this garden for over a year now, and as you can see, it did pretty darn well! I've learned quite a lot, so I brain-dumped it into a pros-and-cons list for you.

PROS of a covered greenhouse in a cold and foggy summer:

  • Plus 10-15 degree temperature increase.
  • Large critters (birds, squirrels, etc) are a non issue.
  • Harmful bugs are kept at bay (I got some slugs later in the season, but some Sluggo took care of them).
  • Protection from heavy winds.
  • Plants seem to thrive overall.
  • Yield is potentially greater than a non-covered version.
  • Ability to grow certain heat-loving plants that you normally wouldn't in my climate.
  • Extended growing season (I had a sprinkling of tomatoes all the way until January, and my Swiss chard continued strong through the winter and is now HUGE!)

CONS

  • Not enough sunlight (though this might be less about the cover and more about the fog).
  • Beneficial bugs are kept away, requiring manual pollination.
  • Less flavorful crops due to reduced sunlight.
  • Leaves are more mold/mildew prone.
  • Fruit/veggies tend to rot faster after ripening.
  • Height restriction for certain plants (tomatoes had 4' growing space max).

I was so happy with the results last year that I think I'm going to add a second one in the next few weeks. I'm thinking strawberry towers and watermelons, yum!

For a complete tutorial and lots of Q+A goodness, visit my original post here. For a full plant-by-plant report on how the crop did over the summer, click here.

(Image credits: Stephanie Strickland)