19 Things You Can Plant in June, Whether You Have a Tiny Patio or a Huge Garden

updated Jun 1, 2022
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Garden planted with lettuces, marigolds, and other summer plants
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With Memorial Day behind us, it’s basically official: It’s summertime! While the start of summer isn’t technically until June 21, long, hot, sunny days are near (if not in your zone already). That means it’s prime time for heat-loving plants of all kinds.

If you’re behind in the season and late to plant your summer picks, don’t worry! You’re not alone. There are no due dates or a final day when things have to be in the ground — it’s all an estimation. Every season is different, and every year is different. Use the Farmers’ Almanac knowledge of typical last frost/first frost dates as a starting point, and then build on that based on your own experiences.

June isn’t the beginning of the planting season, but it’s not the end, either. In fact, there are lots of things you can get in the ground this month that will happily grow all summer long.

Remember: While these “what to plant” guides serve as a suggested outline for gardening through the seasons, keep in mind that having and maintaining a garden isn’t always a predictable task. It requires you, the gardener, to be fluid and flexible in your practices, to explore, to learn, and to hold knowledge for a future date. It can sometimes feel like you’re being blindsided — like by a late, unexpected frost that kills your tender baby plants. But sometimes you can feel invincible, like a master of your own outdoor domain.

Here, a starter guide for what to plant in your garden or containers this month.

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Summer-Producing Veggie and Herb Seeds

I’ll admit that I was a gardener that thought you had to start all your veggie seeds indoors, and that direct sowing had to take place in the middle of spring. The truth is that a lot of quintessential summer-producing veggies tend to grow faster if they’re planted in the early summer since the soil has had a chance to get nice and warm — perfect for baby seed germination. That’s right: Even procrastinators can plant fast-growing vegetable seeds now for harvest this summer. Add some herb seeds to your shopping list, and later this summer, you’ll be able to cook and season a full meal directly from your garden. Here are some top picks to shop for:

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Colorful Annual Blooms

It’s definitely not too late to plant annual flowers, either. You might have started off spring with some cool weather-friendly flowers like pansies or ranunculus; if you plant a new round of heat-tolerant (or heat-loving) flowers by mid-to-late June, you’ll have fresh color until fall’s killing frost. Make sure to choose flowers suited to how much sun your patio or garden gets. For a little color, try these beginner-friendly picks:

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A Second Crop

If you were a go-getter with your spring planting and were able to get an early cool-weather crop in the ground, late June is the time to start thinking about planting a second round of veggie crops. This is especially true if you want to stretch your available harvest into late summer and early fall. Your best bet for these plants to mature in time for a harvest is to skip seeds and go straight to small plants, which should be readily available at your local home center or nursery. Other places to look out for fun and tasty varieties include grocery stores and farmers markets. Keep your eyes peeled for these picks:

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One more tip: Don’t forget to think ahead.

If you want to do more planting in late summer or early fall, be sure to leave room in your garden for those picks. Setting aside some space for these plants now will prevent you having to undo any work later this year.

It’s also worth keeping some plants on your radar for end-of-summer and early fall gardening, so you can get a jump on purchasing when those plants are easy to find. Foxglove, pansies, delphiniums, and grasses will all thrive if planted next season (some immediately, some next spring or summer). It’s never too early to think ahead!