Yucca plants are striking and low maintenance—a perfect combo for ideal houseplants. We're talking about years of easy greenery: slow-growing, drought-tolerant, pest-resistant. And because they're crazy easy to propagate, you can share the love with your friends.
Yucca Plant Light Requirements
Yucca plants do best in a partly shaded location that receives bright, indirect light. Although yucca plants may grow in sunnier spots, their appearance could suffer from brown tips or white spots on their leaves.
Yucca Cane Plant in 8.75 in. Grower Pot; $21.24 from Home Depot
Best Soil and Pots for Your Yucca Plant
Giving your yucca plant the right kind of soil is somewhat of a balancing act. Yuccas do not need high quality soil, but it needs to be well-draining. However, it still needs to be heavy enough to hold the plant upright. Yucca plant soil should also retain water well. Try a 3:1 mixture of sand and peat in your container.
Watering Your Yucca Plant
Yucca plants prefer to be on the dry side and are considered drought-tolerant plants, which makes sense given their desert origins. In general, allow about the top half of the soil to become dry before watering. More specific watering requirements will depend on how much light your yucca plant receives. In lower light conditions, water your plant less; in brighter light conditions, water your plant a bit more. Overwatering is probably the only way to kill a yucca.
Propagating Yucca Plants
Propagating your yucca plant can be done in two main ways: through division or through pups. Propagation is best done in fall. To propagate by division, separate the rhizomes beneath the soil and plant your new yucca plant in appropriate soil and place in a sunny location. Keep the plant lightly moist until roots are established.
Yuccas also produce pups or offsets. Wait until the pups are green, which indicates that they are mature enough to survive on their own. Carefully slice the pup off the main plant and plant in its own pot. You may use rooting powder, but it's not necessary. Suckers, which grow on the stems of it, may also be sliced off and used to propagate. Read more about separating and re-potting yucca pups here.
You can also use cuttings from pruning to propagate your yucca plant. More on that below.
Yucca Plants and Pests
Yucca plants are quite pest-resistant, another way that these plants are low-maintenance. Spider mites do not like yuccas. Mealy bugs or scale may still plague your plant, but you can address these by wiping with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol or with the "green solution" presented here if you prefer to avoid commercial insecticides.
Dusting and Pruning Your Yucca Plant
As with any plant, take care to keep the leaves of your yucca plant dust free for optimum health. If your plant is getting too tall, you may cut the trunk from the bottom and re-pot. You can even use the cut-off portion of the trunk to propagate your plant (just be sure to mark which end is the top).